Hair transplantation is a process performed in hospital surgery rooms by aesthetic surgeons using local anesthesia.
Hair transplant surgery is normally safe when performed in suitable surgical conditions by qualified, experienced surgeons using proper medical devices board.
If the patient has an active scalp condition, this must be treated before the surgery, in the presence of active acnes, antibiotics must be used, excess dandruff must be treated, and in the case of potentially precancerous active lesions; specimens are collected for biopsy, and sent to pathology laboratory for further tests.
Wig or prosthetic hair should be discontinued to use one to two weeks before hair transplant surgery, if it is fixed on the scalp with an adhesive or glue this must be rinsed off. Using cosmetics such as hair gel and topic should be discontinued. Using solutions to prevent hair loss such as minoxidil must be stopped one week before surgery. Patients should note that they will get a haircut in the clinic prior their hair transplant procedure.
Everybody who suffers from hair loss, and has adequate donor hair can undergo this procedure. The FUE procedure can be recommended for patients who enjoy short hair, want to have more number of grafts transplanted in one session, and do not want to have a scar in the form of a straight line in the donor area. The FUE procedure is also recommended for the patients who have previously undergone FUT or FUE procedures. The FUE procedure is very suitable for patients who have a small bald area around the hairline or crown, and who will be prone to the risk of hair loss, and therefore, will need a second or third procedure in the future.
Any systemic health condition that is contraindicated with local anesthesia must be treated before the procedure. The procedure is not recommended for patients who do not have realistic expectations and adequate donor hair. Any active skin conditions must be treated before the procedure. The patient must have normal blood levels of B12, B6, and zinc, and any thyroid diseases must be treated before the procedure. Blood sugar levels in diabetic patients must be kept under control. Patients must be examined for evidences of mental disorders such as trichotillomania, obsessive-compulsive disorder, depression, and body dysmorphic disorder.
It may be hard for the patients who have receding front hairline or thinning at the crown of the head but no hair loss in other parts to decide to undergo a hair restoration procedure. Apparently, this is an aesthetic surgery. Patients may have aesthetic worries in relation to their receding hairline or balding crown. In such cases there is no need to wait for any further hair loss. A second FUE procedure may still be in the future for the patient. This is one of the best advantages of the FUE procedure. In other words a second procedure can be performed before any further hair loss and the natural-looking hairline is lost. The problem of baldness can be solved with a follow-up hair transplant surgery in coming years.
Your hair on the donor and recipient areas is trimmed. The donor area is definitely trimmed in FUE procedures.
Normally, the transplantation should take six to eight hours.
Hair transplant surgery does not require a hospital stay. Patients can go home after hair transplant surgery.
Post-operative wound-dressing is applied on donor sites. Recipient site is left uncovered. The dressing must be removed two or three later when the hair is washed.
The affected site must be protected against any type of trauma. Patients can prevent formation of edema by lying flat on their back. Due to surgery-related edema, erroneously hairline may seem to have an asymmetrical look, and not properly aligned. The final result of hair transplant surgery will be more evident after at least eight months. Patients are advised not to drive home. At home, patients can start taking their medicines as per the prescription. It is advised to eat light meals after hair restoration surgery. It is also advised to refrain from alcoholic drinks and smoking for at around ten days after hair restoration surgery.
Avoid swimming pools, hamams, saunas, sea, and heavy sports. You should not smoke or drink alcoholic beverages too much. You may use your regular shampoo.
Hair shedding can begin anything from three to four weeks after hair restoration surgery. This is called shock loss. In fact, productive follicles are transplanted. These follicles remain under the skin and start producing hair as hair shedding occurs. They start growing nearly three months after the surgery. They do not grow at the same time. Growing density continues nearly five months to eight months, increasing gradually. Conditions such as symmetrical growth, an area became denser before the other, and an area thinner than the other are expected. It will not be fair to make a judgment in this period. One should patiently wait as the final outcome of hair restoration procedure will be more evident after eight months. The scar tissue will become softer, and consequently redistribution and thickening of hair strands will be observed between from eight months to one year after the surgery. In comparison with the eighth month, the look is apparently more natural one year after the surgery. It may be good to wait for around one year to see the natural-looking outcome. A male pattern hair loss is out of question, because they are not affected by the hormone DHT.